About the Silk Roads Introduction Human beings have always moved from place to place and traded with their neighbours, exchanging goods, skills and ideas. Throughout history, Eurasia was criss-crossed with communication routes and paths of trade, which gradually linked up to form what are known today as the Silk Roads; routes across both land and sea, along which silk and many other goods were exchanged between people from across the world. Maritime routes were an important part of this network, linking East and West by sea, and were used for the trade of spices in particular, thus becoming known as the Spice Routes. These vast networks carried more than just merchandise and precious commodities however: Travellers along the Silk Roads were attracted not only by trade but also by the intellectual and cultural exchange that was taking place in cities along the Silk Roads, many of which developed into hubs of culture and learning. Science, arts and literature, as well as crafts and technologies were thus shared and disseminated into societies along the lengths of these routes, and in this way, languages, religions and cultures developed and influenced each other. Silk Production and the Silk Trade Silk is a textile of ancient Chinese origin, woven from the protein fibre produced by the silkworm to make its cocoon, and was developed, according to Chinese tradition, sometime around the year 2, BC.
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At one end of the Silk Road exchange was the production of silk, at the other, the demand for it. Women everywhere eagerly sought the light, soft, sometimes richly decorated, silk material. Since it was a luxury item, it was usually worn only by those who could afford it. Sometimes the wearing of silk was regulated, limited to those of the upper classes as a way to mark social differences.
Other times, the wearing of silk was denigrated, seen as a sign of social decadence and decay.
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It is hoped the breakthrough could lead to the development of stronger fibres for textiles, bandages for burn victims and bullet-proof vests. The GM silkworms spin tough fibres containing spider silk proteins that are more elastic and extensible, making it more suitable for use in a range of medical applications. The new findings could lead to stronger silk fibres that could lead to stronger fibres used in bandages for burn victims and bullet-proof vests Territorialism and cannibalism among spiders pose challenges to spider farming as a viable means of manufacturing silk.
Dr Donald Jarvis, of the University of Wyoming in the United States, and colleagues created transgenic silkworms expressing spider gene sequences. Spider silk proteins have been long produced in transgenic bacterial, yeast, plant, insect and mammalian cells. However, previous attempts to incorporate them into fibres spun by silkworms led to relatively low yields.
But the new technique, reported in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, led to fibres at least as tough as spider silk and stronger than those spun by silkworms. So silkworms may be used at factories for manufacturing tough silk fibres containing spider silk proteins, said the researchers. Share or comment on this article Most watched News videos.
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Another fragment showing close Syrian connections is a piece of silk tapestry dating about to years later and found in China at Loulan in the Uygur Autonomous Region of Xinjiang. Other fragments have been found in Syria at the archaeological sites of Palmyra and Doura-Europus.
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When I’m like this, call me — Silk! Her mother wanted Cindy to focus on her studies while Cindy would rather continue playing on her school hockey team with her secret boyfriend, Hector Cervantez. When her mother found out, she was forced to go to the school field trip to General Techtronics and Cin told her she hated her. A man by the name of Ezekiel Sims came and took Cindy away. He trained Cindy in the use of her powers until he realized the totemic predator Morlun was tracking her.
He then locked her away in a room that blocks Morlun’s detection at the bottom of his tower to protect her from him. This bunker had years worth of food, books, and tapes on the outside world which Cindy watched every day. Overwhelmed by this revelation, he went to free Cindy. She tried to warn him about Morlun, but he opened the door anyway and she attacked him for dooming them to being hunted down by Morlun. Peter reveals that Morlun is dead, and after realizing she was free, she made an improvised costume of webs and told Spider-Man to call her Silk before going to her parents’ home.
After realizing that her parents moved, Spider-Man promised to help her find them. She asked him when Morlun died, but after he told her that he had died twice, she realized that he had already returned from the dead once and attacked him, telling him that he could return again. Morlun, who had indeed returned, sensed her liberation and started his greatest hunt.
Cindy attacked him for wasting her sacrifice, pulling him with a webline and asking him if he can feel that they are all in danger.
See Article History Tapestry, woven decorative fabric, the design of which is built up in the course of weaving. Broadly, the name has been used for almost any heavy material, handwoven, machine woven, or even embroidered, used to cover furniture , walls, or floors or for the decoration of clothing. Since the 18th and 19th centuries, however, the technical definition of tapestry has been narrowed to include only heavy, reversible, patterned or figured handwoven textiles, usually in the form of hangings or upholstery fabric.
Tapestry traditionally has been a luxury art afforded only by the wealthy, and even in the 21st century large-scale handwoven tapestries are too expensive for those with moderate incomes. Tapestries are usually designed as single panels or sets. A tapestry set is a group of individual panels related by subject, style, and workmanship and intended to be hung together.
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When I’m like this, call me — Silk! Her mother wanted Cindy to focus on her studies while Cindy would rather continue playing on her school hockey team with her secret boyfriend, Hector Cervantez. When her mother found out, she was forced to go to the school field trip to General Techtronics and Cin told her she hated her.
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Team develops new technique for dating silk September 13, , Smithsonian Strand for strand no fabric can compare to the luxurious feel, luminosity and sheen of pure silk. Since millennia, the Chinese have been unraveling the cocoons of the silk worm Bombyx mori and weaving the fibers into sumptuous garments, hangings, carpets, tapestries and even artworks of painted silk.
Now, for the first time, scientists at the Smithsonian’s Museum Conservation Institute have developed a fast and reliable method to date silk. This new technique, which is based on capillary electrophoresis mass spectrometry , has great potential to improve the authentication and dating of the priceless silk artifacts held in museum and other collections around the world. The new method uses the natural deterioration of the silk’s amino acids–a process known as racemization–to determine its age.
As time goes by, the abundance of the L-amino acids used in the creation of the silk protein decreases while the abundance of D-amino acids associated with the silk’s deterioration increases.
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Contact Us To trace the history of cross stitch, we must look back to the very beginnings of embroidery, since it is only relatively recently that cross stitch has been used as the sole stitch in a piece. Ancient wall paintings and sculptures show that embroidery was worked on clothing from the earliest times.
An ancient Peruvian running-stitch sampler has been dated to — AD The word Embroidery comes from the Anglo-Saxon word for “edge”, but the technique itself was being used long before that. The term was first applied to decoratively stitched borders on medieval church vestments. But over time it came to cover all stitched decoration on any textile fabric. The first textiles were probably made from intertwined stems and grasses, until a way of twisting short fibres and animal hairs into continuous strands evolved about 10, BC.
Fragments of cloth dating from between 5, BC and AD have been excavated from tombs and monuments in South America, Egypt and China, and these show crude examples of darning, half cross stitch and satin stitch. Many of the fragments are made of linen; the regular warp and weft of this fabric, one of the oldest of all woven materials, provided the basis for the development of counted thread stitches. The earliest known Embroidery examples are from B. C They are hand work over the woven threads on clothing.